Your Grade Point Average (GPA) is used to measure and monitor your academic progress. It is the basis of your academic standing and determines whether you are able to continue your studies at the university.
The GPA is calculated by dividing the sum of all grade points by the sum of all credits attempted. Courses that have been designated as W (Withdrawal) AU (Audit) or TR (Transfer) are not included in GPA calculations.
The GPA is calculated in three different circumstances:
The GPA for each term is calculated by dividing the sum of grade points achieved in a term by the sum of all credits attempted in that term. The term GPA is used to determine your academic standing. A term GPA shows on your transcript.
Cumulative GPA (CGPA)
The CGPA is calculated by dividing the sum of total grade points achieved at MacEwan University by the sum of all credits attempted at MacEwan University. The CGPA also shows on your transcript.
Graduation GPA (GGPA)
When you graduate from the university, your final overall GGPA is calculated by dividing the sum of all grade points achieved (and applied to a program credential) by the sum of all those credits.
We take the following into account when calculating the GGPA:
- If you have an option or elective to fill, you can substitute a low or failing grade for optional or elective courses with a grade from a different option or elective course. The university uses the course with the highest grade and then defaults to the first course taken.
An example: Your program requires one option, but you took three courses that fit the option requirement. The university applies only the optional course with the highest mark toward the credential; the other credits are “extra to credential” and are not used to calculate the GGPA.
- If a course is repeated as per the regulations of university policy C1035 (Repeating Credit Courses), the highest mark for the course will be used to fulfill the program requirements and to calculate the GGPA.
MacEwan University uses the letter grading system (A,B,C,D,F) as well as the following letter codes for all our programs and courses (credit and noncredit as applicable).
- AS (advanced standing)
- AU (audit)
- IN (incomplete)
- IP (in progress)
- W (withdrawal without academic penalty)
- CIP (course in progress)
- DEF (deferred),
- CR (completed requirements)
- NGR (no grade received)
- S (supplemental privilege)
Converting Letter Grades to Grade Point Values
When you finish a credit course, you receive a letter grade which corresponds to a grade point value on a four-point grading system, demonstrated in the following chart.
Full details are available in university Grading Policy C2020.
|Letter Grade||Grade Point Value||Grade Descriptors|
Outstanding: Exemplary achievement.
Excellent: Superior performance showing sustained excellence in meeting course expectations.
Good: Above average performance with good knowledge of subject material.
Satisfactory: Average and adequate performance, demonstrating a basic understanding of the subject matter, and meeting course requirements.
Poor: Minimally competent performance showing significant weakness in many areas. Performance may be insufficient to satisfy prerequisite requirements.
Fail: Unsatisfactory performance. Course requirements have not been met.
Withdraw Failure: The grade is assigned by the Registrar and signifies that course requirements were not met because of failure to comply with university withdrawal policy (E1055).
GPA calculations are done in four steps:
- We convert the letter grade for each course to a Grade Point Value. Note that notations of W (withdrawal) or TR (transfer) are not included in any GPA calculation.
- We calculate the Total Number of Grade Points for each course by multiplying the course’s Grade Point Value by the number of credits assigned to the course.
- We calculate the sum of the attempted course credits for the term. Then we add up the total number of Total Grade Points.
- Finally, we calculate the Grade Point Average by dividing the total number of grade points by the sum of the attempted credits.
This chart illustrates an example of a GPA calculation:
|Course||Grade||Grade Point Value||Credits||Total Grade Points |
(grade point value x credits)
|12 total credits||21 total grade points|
|21 total grade points |
divided by 12 credits =